Nice, older Castagnari Studio in the keys of DG made in Italy. It is in nice functional condition. There is wear on the bellows and bumps and bruises on the case but it plays beautifully and has many years of service in reserve. The case appears to be beech wood and is plain but elegant. It has the traces of an older Castagnari logo on the case that is long gone. Although plain, the box has a simple beauty to it.
The original bellows are tight and are nicely broken in. It has 19 treble buttons and 8 bass buttons. The low buttons on each row of the treble side are standard low notes. This features fine Italian Antonelli steel reeds on aluminum reedplates. The wooden grill is perfect as is the grill screen. The wooden keyboard is intact with no apparent wear. The bass and bellows straps are used but functional. The thumb loop is included and it has shoulder strap brackets and an original Castagnari corduroy strap. It will be shipped in a modern aluminum hardshell case.
To reduce unwanted harmonic vibrations an aluminum crossbar has been added between the treble reedblocks to minimize resonance.
I have just carefully tuned the treble reeds just shy of Castagnari dry. On the treble side the tremolo beat frequency is around 0.5 Hz for the lowest notes gradually rising to around 1 or 2Hz on the upper notes. It plays beautifully. The basses are tuned on pitch and the chords have the thirds flattened about 5 cents for a sweet sound.
I have owned other newer Castagnari Studios and my opinion is that this older example is a much finer instrument. The button action is superb and it plays like butter. The casework is nicer and has a simple but elegant appearance.
This is a fine example of early Castagnari craftsmanship in a very playable & affordable state. DG keyed instruments are fairly rare in the US so here is an opportunity to own a great players box for reasonable cost.